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Standing as the youngest of the Hawaiian Archipelago, the Hawaii Big Island is home to the world's most dynamic spring of flowing lava. Kilauea is surely the most known active Volcano, yet it is just a one of five that make up Hawaii Big island. The five volcanoes of the Big Island are Kilauea, Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea, Kohala, and Hualalai. Out of the five volcanoes, one is extinct, one is dormant, and three are considered active by the US Geological Survey.
Viewed as one of the world's most active volcanoes, Kilauea has been erupting since 1983. A great many guests visit this volcano for the opportunity to see lava streaming down the mountain side, making it the Big Island's most visited location. It's the youngest of the Hawaiian volcanoes and the US Geographical Survey thinks of it as the most dangerous well of lava in the United States. Every year the lava streams destroy a number of houses and nature zones, and increase the land size of Hawaii Big Island. Many of the other Hawaiian islands are sometimes affected by Kilauea’s “vog”. Vog is an occasional smog-like substance that sits in the air due to the Sulfur Dioxide gas that the volcano emits. Each day the Hawaii Civil Defense monitors the air quality of the Big Island to keep tourists and residents safe. Kilauea is not expected to stop erupting anytime soon.
Mauna Loa is considered the largest active volcano on the planet. It last erupted in 1984 for a duration of three weeks and over 16 square miles were covered with lava. Contrasted with Kilauea, Mauna Loa produces gigantic volumes of lava and the mountain side inclines are substantially more extreme which enables the lava to travel a faster speed and reach farther. According to recorded history, the Mauna Loa has erupted 33 times. It is believed this volcano rose from under the ocean about 400,000 years ago.The US Geological Survey does not expect for Mauna Loa to slow down for good anytime soon… current predictions expect Mauna Loa to stay active for the next 500,000 to one million years.
Coming in third in size and action is Hualalai, situated on the western side of the Big Island. Hualalai's pinnacle is at 8,271 feet above ocean level. It's last eruption was in 1801 and has the potential for another emission soon… according to history, the volcano emits lava every 200-300 years. This could have huge effects on the island of Hawaii as their main airport, the Kona International Airport, was built on an old Hualalai lava flow. A huge benefit of Hualalai is it’s rich volcanic soil. The western slopes are home to most of Kona’s famous coffee crop.
The 4th most active volcano in Hawaii Big Island is Mauna Kea. In Hawaiian Mauna Kea signifies "White Snow", since snow is every now and again observed on the summit. If one was able to measure the the volcano from the bottom of the ocean to it the peak it could stand as the tallest mountain on the planet. There are numerous observatories on the slopes of this dormant volcano. The last eruption was 4,500 years ago but it is expected to erupt again one day soon.
Kohala is the oldest and smallest volcano on Hawaii Big Island. It is viewed as wiped out by the US Geographical Survey and is gradually sinking into the sea. A few segments of Kohala have been secured by lava streams from alternate volcanoes on the southern side of the volcano. It’s soil is perfect for growing sweet potatoes and the leeward side of the volcano is covered with sweet potato crops.